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Energy Efficient Vehicles Seminar Report

As we all know road transport is the second largest producer of carbon dioxide CO 2 , one of the greenhouse gases responsible for climatic changes. Although the overall greenhouse gas emissions in the European Union fell by 5% over the period 1990-2004, the emissions of CO 2 from road transport rose by 26% in the same period. While some improvements in efficiency of road vehicles have been achieved, continued growth in traffic and constant mean that CO 2 emission from road transport have grown overall. At the same time rising fuel prices and supply instability also give pressure for increased efficiency.

EE-VERT (energy efficient vehicles for road transport) is a project funded under the Seventh Framework, program of the European commission; in particular EE-VERT targets a 10-12% reduction in fuel consumption and CO 2 generation. EE- VERT is seeking to develop marketable energy saving technologies with an attractive cost-benefit ratio for conventional vehicles that have the potential for rapid launch and market penetration to bridge this gap. Technologies such as those to be developed in the EE-VERT project are a key part of achieving these required improvements. In particular, the significant improvements to be delivered by the EE-VERT project are needed in order to make the road vehicles a net contributor to decreasing overall levels of CO 2 generation.

The project EE-VERT is concerned with improving the energy efficiency of conventional vehicles. The central concept is the electrification of auxiliary systems, and supplying their energy by recovered energy from new sources or wasted energy such as recuperation of braking energy, waste heat recovery or solar cells. This report has described the EE-VERT concept to reduce the fuel consumption in conventional vehicles especially by generating electrical energy from different sources. Therefore, this report has presented the power generation concepts investigated by EE-VERT and needed for the operation of an advanced electrical power net aimed at generating and reusing energy with a very high efficiency.

The objective of work was the development of adequate power generation concepts with high efficiency including their integration and operation strategies within EE-VERT„s system approach. Also the integration of innovative systems has been studied, such as solar panels and thermo-electric generators to recover energy from exhaust gases. Thereby, EE-VERT is focusing on marketable technologies for conventional road vehicles with the potential for a fast market launch and market penetration. The link to hybrid vehicles and to commercial vehicles was considered and furthermore a brief overview of the impact on safety relevant applications was given. Finally, the work and results of work has contributed to deliver adequate power generation concepts with high efficiency for the EE-VERT concept.

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